Deaf Advocacy

Representation of ancient Greece stoning the vulnerable. 800 BC - 146 BC: Ancient Greece

  • The Greeks felt it was better to kill anyone with a disability.

    The deaf were especially considered a burden in Athens, where it was believed that anyone who would be a "burden to society" should be put to death.

1803 - 1886:Ferdinand Berthier (FR) 1803 - 1886:Ferdinand Berthier (FR)

  • Ferdinand Berthier (September 30, 1803 - July 12, 1886) was a deaf educator, intellectual and political organiser in nineteenth-century France, and is one of the earliest champions of deaf identity and culture.

1834: The first Silent Banquet in Paris (Banquet Silencieux) 1834: The first Silent Banquet in Paris (Banquet Silencieux)

  • On November 30, 1834, the first Silent banquet was organized by Ferdinand BERTHIER and Alfred BOCQUIN who are themselves deaf, on the occasion of the 122nd anniversary of the birth of Abbot de l'Epée. This tradition continues to be honored in nearly every country in Europe and in the United States.

1861 - 1918: Francis Maginn (UK) 1861 - 1918: Francis Maginn (UK)

  • Francis Maginn (1861–1918) was a Church of Ireland missionary who worked to improve living standards for the deaf community by promoting sign language and was one of the co-founders of the British Deaf Association.

1890: British Deaf Association (BDA) 1890: British Deaf Association (BDA)

  • The BDA British Deaf Association (BDA) was formed in Leeds as The British Deaf and Dumb Association (BDDA) on 24th July 1890.

1893: Fédération Nationale des Sourds de France (FNSF) National Federation of France for the Deaf 1893: Fédération Nationale des Sourds de France (FNSF) National Federation of France for the Deaf

  • 1897: The Federation of French Societies of the Deaf-Mute was declared to the Ministry of the Interior, it was reorganized in 1933 under the chairmanship of Mr Eugène Ruben-ALCAIS.

1905: Kuurojen Liittoo ry, Finnish Association of the Deaf 1905: Kuurojen Liittoo ry, Finnish Association of the Deaf

  • The Association of the Deaf is an interest organization for sign language speakers. The deaf founded this own organization in 1905. The union's premises are located in the White House in Helsinki.

1907: The Nordic Council of the Deaf 1907: The Nordic Council of the Deaf

  • The Nordic Council for the Deaf (DNR) is a non-partisan and non-religious association with the task of working to raise awareness of the linguistic and cultural interests of the deaf in the Nordic countries.

1911: Founding of the RNID (UK) 1911: Founding of the RNID (UK)

  • RNID is the UK charity working to make life fully inclusive for deaf people and those with hearing loss or tinnitus.

1913: Österreichische Gehörlosenbund (ÖGLB) (AT) 1913: Österreichische Gehörlosenbund (ÖGLB) (AT)

  • The ÖGLB was founded in 1913 on the 11th Taubstummentag in Graz as the Reich Association of Deaf-Mute Associations in Austria.

1918: Norges Døveforbund (NDF)  Norwegian Association of the Deaf 1918: Norges Døveforbund (NDF) Norwegian Association of the Deaf

  • The first deaf association in Norway was founded in Oslo in 1878.

1919: Asociatia Nationala a Surzilor din România (ANSR)  Romanian National Association for the Deaf 1919: Asociatia Nationala a Surzilor din România (ANSR) Romanian National Association for the Deaf

  • The first group of persons with hearing impairment in Romania was established on November 9, 1919 and was called the Friendly Association of the Deaf-Mute in Romania, under the patronage of Queen Mary, through the voluntary association of a group of deaf.

    In 1995, within the National Conference it was decided that the name of the association be “Romanian National Association of the Deaf”, a name that it honors nowadays.